Most precious medicinal herb, Korean Ginseng
The first record of prescription of ginseng as a medicinal herb appears
Pharmacopoeia(AD456-536), and during the Koryo Dynasty(AD918-1392)
it was renowned
as the best medicine with miraculous potency. Since then, it has been
called Korean Ginseng,
which means ¡®Ginseng from Koryo¡¯. Especially, ancient Chinese emperors
strove to find a
medicinal herb with miraculous virtue in the high mountains and secluded
Korean Ginseng was the most precious herb to them.
Ancestor¡¯s belief in Ginseng
The efficacy of ginseng which has been proven by modern medicine was
mysterious to ancient people, together with veiled ingredients and
its human shape.
It was actually used for blood nourishing and as a tonic. At the same
time it was called
a cure-all and was believed to be a miraculous medicine, a source
of eternal youth. Later,
ginseng is referred to by the scientific name Panax Ginseng C. A.
Meyer, after a Russian
botanist Carl Anton Meyer, of which ¡®pan (all)¡¯ combined with ¡®axos
(medicine)¡¯ means cure-all.
1000 years¡¯ history of cultivated Ginseng
In spite of simmani¡¯s endeavor to find ginseng in mountains, the growing
demands for wild
ginseng could not be fulfilled. Due to the acute shortage of wild
ginseng, people eventually
started to sow ginseng seeds and cultivate them. That was 1000 years
ago from now.
At first, the seeds were planted in the mountains. However, the cultivation
was very difficult,
for ginseng is a semi-shade plant particular about soil and climate;
its stems growing in the
shady place are very thin and weak so they can be easily attacked
by insects and blights;
further, it is a perennial plant growing exceptionally slow, compared
to other plants.
Nevertheless, the steady research on cultivation methods under the
condition for ginseng enabled the mass cultivation in the field in
1900¡¯s. Then, the cultivation of
ginseng began across the country in Korea.
The name for the best, Korean
Korean Ginseng has been renowned to Western Europe as well as in Asia
Japan and other neighboring countries amid active international exchanges
boundaries among countries. Further, owing to the reputation for efficacy
of ginseng, more
people in countries such as China, Japan, the United States, Canada
and Nepal are cultivating
epigones of ginseng. However, the pronoun for ginseng is Korean Ginseng
planted in its
original soil, at the most suitable field, with the oldest history
of cultivation, for the best quality.