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Comparison of Korean Ginseng with others

There are many similar botanical groups with the name of ginseng taking advantage of the
reputation of Korean Ginseng. Japanese Ginseng, American Ginseng and Chinese Ginseng
belong to the group. Though those are classified into same genus and family as Korean
Ginseng, in the strict sense, they are completely different from Korean Ginseng.

Why the same seed grows into completely different ginseng

Even though ginseng is planted in the US, Japan, China and Russia, those are differentiated from
Korean Ginseng by breed, shape and ingredients. The main reasons which make the differences
are as follows: First, Korea lies between 36 and 38 northern lines of latitude, which is the best
geographical location for raising ginseng.

Second, Korea is a long and narrow peninsular; therefore, both sides of the land are influenced
by oceanic winds, which offers the most suitable climate condition for ginseng. For this, ginseng
farmers of the US and China have to find a cool area over 42 northern latitude line, where the
thawing season comes late and the comparatively short time for growing up is inevitable due to
late sprouting.

Third, the soil makes the difference. In Korea, ginseng farmers prepare the soil by the organic
farming method for over one year; however, in other countries where extensive farming method
is adopted, soil preparation by the organic method is actually impossible.

Fourth is the planting method. In the respect of seed collection, only superior seeds are thoroughly
selected for planting. The second selection of young plant is made for transplantation. Since the
US and Chinese farmers sow in the vast field directly, they cannot have chance to sort seeds.

Fifth, one-year old young ginseng plant is transplanted in Korea; on the other hand, in the US and
Chinese ginseng field, that is nearly impossible due to the short raising period.
So, they transplant2-or 3-years old ginseng plants in the field, which causes the difference in
ingredients and its shape with a main root and lateral root apart from the human shaped Korean

Korean Ginseng vs Other Ginseng : The nutrient comparison Saponin

Ginseng's most potent medicinal component is saponin, originated from the word meaning
"foam" in Spanish. Saponin's special trait is that it dissolves in water and alcohol; it has
continuous effervescence; it is an antitoxin and prevents hemolysis. Although saponin is present
in other botanicals, Ginseng saponin is mild, has no danger of overdose, and it has almost no
hemolytic side effects. Until now there have been 29 different types of saponin called ginsenoside
from Korean ginseng, Korean ginseng consists of balanced amounts of all 29 saponins.

American ginseng only contains about 13 types of saponin and among them, eleven are same
types as Korean ginseng and two are unique to American saponin. Seven Farm Ginseng
reportedly contains 14 different saponins, however almost 85 percent of the saponin consists
of Rb1 and Rg1 ginsenoside, thus it lacks the multiplicity of Korean ginseng. Baboosam has only
a minimal quantity of saponin. Over 80 percent of the total saponin contained is a type of saponin
called oleanane; main saponin element is close to non-existent in bamboosam.

Other Nutrients

In Korean ginseng, the compound called poly-acetylene, which prohibits cancerous growth,
has antibiotic and antacid properties, is present higher quantities than sanchiisam or American

Furthermore, Korean red ginseng contains twice as much caffeic acid, considered to be a phenol
compound that slows the aging process by prohibiting oxidation. As far as fragrance, Korean
red ginseng has a nutty and sweet flavor while Chinese red ginseng has a dried root and dried
grass smell.

The main fragrance compound in Korean Ginseng is the compound b-patchoulene. On the other
hand, compound g-muurolene is the main component for fragrance in Chinese Ginseng.

Recently, there has been much research in the area of ginseng acidic polysacrride, which according to research prohibits the activities of a fat-dissolving toxin called toxohormone-L and builds the immune system. This compound is also present in higher amounts in Korean Ginseng than in American or Sanchiisam.